Of these 15 original Chipperfield elephants, we learn 2.1 were sold to Fossett's Circus in Ireland - Jimmy, Blackie and Monica. An additional eight were sold to Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus in the United States - Jenny, Suzy, Ruth, Rani, Mia, and Cita, along with two unknown names. The four that remained with the Chipperfield family included Mary, Camella, Leilia and Sally.
Although these animals arrived in the United States with Hugo Schmitt, they did not perform with Hugo on Ringling in 1968, contrary to my first beliefs in my comment to Jim. [Correction: The group of Chipperfield elephants did not arrive with Hugo; see comments from Bob Cline below.] The elephants of the Blue Unit with the same names had different origins. Rather, the Chipperfield elephants were added to the newly created Red Unit under the direction of Gunther Gebel-Williams and with the animals purchased from Germany with Gunther's arrival. Only five of the eight cows mentioned by Jim Stockley performed on the show for the first time in 1969 among a herd of 17 Asian elephants and one African elephant.
After the war, Hugo Schmitt had left Germany to become head elephant trainer for the Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus in America, where he remained for a quarter of a century. He then made a brief return to Europe in 1963 when Ringling sent a unit to tour in Britain, and was given the job of handling a group of elephants bought from Chipperfield's Circus. They were eventually taken to America to be integrated into the Ringling herds.
>> "Roman Schmitt," Telegraph.co.uk, 03/31/2001
Jenny, Cita, Ranni, Mia and Suzy are the only Ringling elephants originating from this Chipperfield group listed in the North American Regional Studbook for the Asian Elephant, with Studbook Numbers 111-116, respectively. All have estimated birth dates of 1942, except Suzy (1925). Their arrival dates to the Chipperfield family is unknown and their arrival date to Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus estimated in 1968. Two (Jenny and Suzy) are described as "Lost to Follow-up" and three have estimated death dates in the 1990s (Mia in 1992, Cita and Ranni in 1995). Ruth is not listed.
Records of Bob Cline
From the elephant records of Bob Cline, we find some similar information and some more detailed regarding the same five elephants studbook listings. 50 year old Mia died in 1992. 53 year olds Cita and Ranni died in 1995. Jenny was euthanized on 04/12/2001 at Ringling's Center for Elephant Conservation. No further information is given regarding Suzy. Ruth is not listed.
Rani and Cita's deaths in 1995 due to old age and natural causes are also confirmed in Volume 2 Number 4 of "Elephant: The Publication of the Elephant Research Foundation." Table 4 on pages 65-71, dated January 2000, displays a multitude of data titled "Captive Elephants 1988-1999 and Additions to 1980-1988 Records."
- Identity of the final two elephants purchased from the Chipperfields in 1963?
- What became of Ruth between her arrival in 1963 and the Ringling elephant census records of Sabu Moreau in 1968?
- What became of Suzy? (last confirmed year on the Ringling Red Unit was 1975; not included in Ringling's listing in an April 1987 census published in a Circus Report). [Correction: "Suzie" does appear in the 1987 Circus Report Census, one of 21 elephants with the Ringling Red Unit.]
- What became of the three bulls sold to Fossett's Circus in Ireland?
For Additional Information:
>> Circus Chipperfield in United Kingdom at Elephant.se